FaceBook使用PHP SDK登录问题 Cross-site request forgery validation failed. Required param “state” missing from persistent data

作者: hsf 分类: PHP 发布时间: 2018-01-05

问题描述

使用Facebook官网php登录代码进行登录,返回如下错误:

Facebook SDK returned an error: Cross-site request forgery validation failed. Required param “state” missing from persistent data.

代码来源:https://developers.facebook.com/docs/php/howto/example_facebook_login

问题分析

网上搜索该问题,基本确定是由于CSRF机制导致的,什么是CSRF,摘一段百科上的解释:

CSRF(Cross-site request forgery)跨站请求伪造,也被称为“One Click Attack”或者Session Riding,通常缩写为CSRF或者XSRF,是一种对网站的恶意利用。尽管听起来像跨站脚本(XSS),但它与XSS非常不同,XSS利用站点内的信任用户,而CSRF则通过伪装来自受信任用户的请求来利用受信任的网站。与XSS攻击相比,CSRF攻击往往不大流行(因此对其进行防范的资源也相当稀少)和难以防范,所以被认为比XSS更具危险性。

解决方案

在Facebook回调中,增加一段代码即可,修改后的回调代码如下:

'{app-id}', // Replace {app-id} with your app id
  'app_secret' => '{app-secret}',
  'default_graph_version' => 'v2.2',
  ]);

$helper = $fb->getRedirectLoginHelper();

/********下面两行,选择任意一种即可********/
//$helper->getPersistentDataHandler()->set('state', $request->query->get('state'));
$_SESSION['FBRLH_state']=$_GET['state']; /*Add This*/

try {
  $accessToken = $helper->getAccessToken();
} catch(Facebook\Exceptions\FacebookResponseException $e) {
  // When Graph returns an error
  echo 'Graph returned an error: ' . $e->getMessage();
  exit;
} catch(Facebook\Exceptions\FacebookSDKException $e) {
  // When validation fails or other local issues
  echo 'Facebook SDK returned an error: ' . $e->getMessage();
  exit;
}

if (! isset($accessToken)) {
  if ($helper->getError()) {
    header('HTTP/1.0 401 Unauthorized');
    echo "Error: " . $helper->getError() . "\n";
    echo "Error Code: " . $helper->getErrorCode() . "\n";
    echo "Error Reason: " . $helper->getErrorReason() . "\n";
    echo "Error Description: " . $helper->getErrorDescription() . "\n";
  } else {
    header('HTTP/1.0 400 Bad Request');
    echo 'Bad request';
  }
  exit;
}

// Logged in
echo '
Access Token
';
var_dump($accessToken->getValue());

// The OAuth 2.0 client handler helps us manage access tokens
$oAuth2Client = $fb->getOAuth2Client();

// Get the access token metadata from /debug_token
$tokenMetadata = $oAuth2Client->debugToken($accessToken);
echo '
Metadata
';
var_dump($tokenMetadata);

// Validation (these will throw FacebookSDKException's when they fail)
$tokenMetadata->validateAppId('{app-id}'); // Replace {app-id} with your app id
// If you know the user ID this access token belongs to, you can validate it here
//$tokenMetadata->validateUserId('123');
$tokenMetadata->validateExpiration();

if (! $accessToken->isLongLived()) {
  // Exchanges a short-lived access token for a long-lived one
  try {
    $accessToken = $oAuth2Client->getLongLivedAccessToken($accessToken);
  } catch (Facebook\Exceptions\FacebookSDKException $e) {
    echo "
Error getting long-lived access token: " . $helper->getMessage() . "

\n\n";
    exit;
  }

  echo '
Long-lived
';
  var_dump($accessToken->getValue());
}

$_SESSION['fb_access_token'] = (string) $accessToken;

// User is logged in with a long-lived access token.
// You can redirect them to a members-only page.
//header('Location: https://example.com/members.php');
?>

新问题

这样改完之后,访问回调出现了问题,500 (Internal Server Error)

这个问题没搞明白啥原因


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